temper

temper [tem′pər]
vt.
[ME tempren < OE temprian & OFr temprer, both < L temperare, to observe proper measure, mix, regulate, forbear < tempus (gen. temporis), time, period, orig., a span < IE * tempos, a span < * temp-, to pull < base * ten-, to stretch > THIN]
1. to make suitable, desirable, or free from excess by mingling with something else; reduce in intensity, esp. by the admixture of some other quality; moderate; assuage; mollify [to temper criticism with reason]
2.
a) to bring to the proper texture, consistency, hardness, etc. by mixing with something or treating in some way [to temper paints with oil, to temper steel by heating and sudden cooling, to temper clay by moistening and kneading]
b) to toughen, as by rigors or trying experiences
3. Rare to fit; adapt
4. Archaic to mix in proper proportions
5. Music to adjust the pitch of (a note) or tune (an instrument) according to some temperament
vi.
to be or become tempered
n.
1. the state of being tempered; specif.,
a) Archaic a properly proportioned mixture
b) the state of a metal with regard to the degree of hardness and resilience
2. frame of mind; disposition; mood [in a bad temper]
3. calmness of mind; composure: now only in the phrases lose one's temper and keep one's temper
4. a tendency to become angry readily [to have a temper]
5. anger; rage [to go into a temper]
6. something used to temper a mixture, etc.
7. the trend in thought and feeling (of an era, period, etc.); character [the temper of the times, the modern temper]
8. Archaic a middle course; mean
9. Obs. character; quality
SYN.- DISPOSITION, MOOD1
temperability
n.
temperable
adj.
temperer
n.

English World dictionary. . 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Temper — Tem per, n. 1. The state of any compound substance which results from the mixture of various ingredients; due mixture of different qualities; just combination; as, the temper of mortar. [1913 Webster] 2. Constitution of body; temperament; in old… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Temper — Tem per, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Tempered}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Tempering}.] [AS. temprian or OF. temper, F. temp[ e]rer, and (in sense 3) temper, L. temperare, akin to tempus time. Cf. {Temporal}, {Distemper}, {Tamper}.] 1. To mingle in due… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • temper — [n1] state of mind atmosphere, attitude, attribute, aura, character, climate, complexion, condition, constitution, disposition, drift, frame of mind, humor, individualism, individuality, leaning, makeup, mind, mood, nature, orientation, outlook,… …   New thesaurus

  • temper — ► NOUN 1) a person s state of mind in terms of their being angry or calm. 2) a tendency to become angry easily. 3) an angry state of mind. 4) the degree of hardness and elasticity in steel or other metal. ► VERB 1) improve the temper of (a metal) …   English terms dictionary

  • temper — vb *moderate, qualify Analogous words: *adjust, regulate, fix: mitigate, alleviate, lighten, assuage, allay, *relieve: mollify, *pacify, appease Antonyms: intensify temper n 1 * …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Temper — Tem per, v. i. 1. To accord; to agree; to act and think in conformity. [Obs.] Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. To have or get a proper or desired state or quality; to grow soft and pliable. [1913 Webster] I have him already tempering between my finger and …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Temper — Temper. См. Отпуск. (Источник: «Металлы и сплавы. Справочник.» Под редакцией Ю.П. Солнцева; НПО Профессионал , НПО Мир и семья ; Санкт Петербург, 2003 г.) …   Словарь металлургических терминов

  • temper — index abate (lessen), adapt, adjust (regulate), allay, alleviate, alter, animus …   Law dictionary

  • temper — I UK [ˈtempə(r)] / US [ˈtempər] noun Word forms temper : singular temper plural tempers ** 1) [countable/uncountable] a tendency to get angry very quickly That temper of yours is going to get you into trouble. She should never have married a man… …   English dictionary

  • temper — tem|per1 [ tempər ] noun ** 1. ) count or uncount a tendency to get angry very quickly: That temper of yours is going to get you into trouble. She should never have married a man with such a violent temper. have a short temper (=become angry very …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

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